1. PROJNAME :  Swanirvar
2. AMT REQD : Rs.5,27,800.- $ 10,995

3. LOCATION : North 24 Parganas
4. IN STATE : West Bengal
5. CHAPTER : Stanford
6. CONTACT : Ashish Chadha
7. CHILDREN : 489
8. WEBSITE : Yes
10. PHOTOS : Yes
11. FCRA:  Yes
12. REC. COSTS: No





1. Name of the organization: 



2. Date of Establishment: 

26 February, 1990


3. Please give the following if available:

a. Registration Number (Public Trust Act):


S/64352 of Registration of Societies West Bengal Act XXVI of 1961

b. Tax Exemption Certificate Number:


Do not have 80 G

c. Exemption Valid Dates:

d. FCRA Number:


147110269 of  5 April, 1991

4. How the organization was created and what are the type of activites it provides:


Organisation was created in 1989 by the coming together of 15 local youths ( already sensitised by another NGO ) and two outsiders namely Sujit Sinha and Tirthankar Mukherjee.


The broad heads of activities are :

* Education

* Agriculture

* Heahlth

* Income Generation

* Savings & Credit

* Panchayat Planning

* Flood relief and planning

* Networking



5. Names and Backgrounds of the directors of the organization:


Niranjan Paik                 Secretary          Microfinance Supervisor

Sandhya Mondol            President           Nutrition Garden Supervisor

Swapan Bhattacharya     Treasurer          Govt. Primary School Teacher

Tirthankar Mukherjee     Member            Ex- Journalist/Editor

Sujit Sinha                           Do               Coordinator

Prosanto Mondol                 Do              Primary School Supervisor

Samir Biswas                       Do              Youth Programme Supervisor

Ziaul Haque                         Do              Agriculture Supervisor

Abdul Hannan                      Do              Health Supervisor

Nonigopal Mondol               Do              Agri Trainer



6. Name, Address, Phone & email of the contact person in USA:


Ashish Chadha

email : avikunthak@yahoo.com

7. Name, Address, Phone & email of the contact person in India:

Sujit Sinha

5 G , Ananda , 116 Southern Avenue , Kolkata 700029, Ph (033) 466 4733

emial : sujit 568@cal3.vsnl.net in

8. Number of administrative and field staff:

Administrative Staff  :  5

Field Staff               : 94

9. A brief description of the long term objectives of the organization:

# Integrated rural development - social, economic, political, technological and psychological

# Organise villagers - specially women and poorer sections

# Create innovative development workers and leadership

# Seek, experiment and build models in alternative agriculture, health, education, energy, housing, income generation, banking, organisation, democracy, technology etc.

10. Details of the organizations annual budget (include an annual report if possible):





CAPITAL                                    Rs.

Building                                11,36,571.81

Furniture                                    39,012.00

Equipment                                 17,804.05

Cycle                                          3,548.00

Motorcycle                                25,165.00


Sub-Total                                                       12,22,090.86




Primary Education                  4,78,497.20

Pre-Primary Education           4,80,580.90

Youth & Culture                    3,08,333.55

Health                                    2,11,954.50

Agriculture                             3,35,324.35

Pisciculture                                30,227.00

Village Organisation                   31,188.90

Relief ( Floods,2000)             1,35,218.60

Roads                                    1,11,175.00

Travel                                    1,08,901.92

Printing, Stationery                    48,149.80

Meetings, Training                  1,00,901.05

Coordinating Salaries                 92,400.00


Sub - Total                                                      24,72,852.50



Bank Charges                                 698.00

Fees                                          19,825.00

Repairs                                      25,325.45

Documentation                           19,872.40

Postage & Telephone                 21,709.90

Electricity                                   12,375.00


Sub -Total                                                             99,805.75


GRAND TOTAL                                              37,94,749.11


11. Previous Funding Sources, if any:



i) Govt. of India, Handicrafts Board, Ministry of Textiles

ii) P.D.Agarwal Foundation

iii) CRY

iv) Govt. of India , MHRD ( via Vikramshila )

v)  CARE

vi) Oxfam

vii) Save The Children Fund

viii) West Bengal Govt., Social welfare Board

ix ) Health Dept, N.24 Pgns. district, West Bengal Govt.

x) Indo Canadian Environment Facilty ( via AIIHPH ).



i) University of Calcutta Medical Alumnii Association of Americas

ii) ASHA - LA ( with ASHA - MIT )

iii) ASHA - Madison

iv) Share & Care Foundation

v) AID, Maryland

vi) SRAI



i) Christian Aid ( via DRCSC, Kolkata )

ii) Friends of Swanirvar ( FoS)

iii) Cambridge Friends of India

iv) National Lotteries Charities Board ( via FoS)



i) VFKE - Germany

ii) Pulheim Church - Germany

iii) Caritas Milano  - Italy

iv) DIB - Denmark




12. Brief Description of any previous projects the organization has undertaken:


Pre-primary : In 15 pp centres in 15 different villages  1150 children of 3-5 age group recieve modified Montessori education. The teachers have recieved their training from Vikramshila Education Resource Society of Kolkata and this programme is funded by CRY and partially by ASHA.


Primary : In 3 primary schools in 3 different villages,  474 children are enrolled. Experiments with the TL process include using work cards, lots of group work, hands on activities, studying the local environment, attempts to make new kind of exams, lots of cultural inputs, sahitya sabha etc.


Youth & Culture : Started in 1997, currently about 250 youths of 10-16 age group in their off time do a lot of village surveys and measurements ; make charts ,maps, graphs ; do many hands on village development activities ; learn and perform many cultural activities . Attempts are being made to do interventions in high schools so that all the work can become part of the syllabus.Partially funded by NLCB of England ,partly by CRYand partly by ASHA.

This work in its early phases was filmed and shown in the Doordarshan UGC programme.


Coaching Centre : For 1st generation school goers. This was done from 1990 till 1994 and was then given up as being only marginally effecvtive.


Adult Education :  8 centres were run for women as per their demand from 1997 till 1999. Academic support had come from a Calcutta based organisation AICMED. For various reasons it has been discontinued. In 2000 there were some abortive discussions with Action Aid on using the REFLECT method. In some places there is a fresh demand.


Agriculture : Currently work is going on in 18 villages. The aim is to move towards sustainable agriculture which is ecologically sound, does not degrade the environment, brings social equity and is economically efficient. The various heads of activities are cropping systems; bio-nutrients; soil & water conservation ; seeds and plant propagation ; trials with various cereals, legumes, oilseeds and vegetables; integrated pest management; intensive home nutrition garden ; popularising herbal remedies. This work has gone through many ups and downs. It is guided and funded by Development Research Communications and Services Centre(Service Centre ).


Health : This work is done in 8 villages. The broad heads  are Mother & Child Care ; Sanitation ; Basic Treatment ; Special Camps .This has been supported initially by CRY and lately by AID.

The very low cost toilet effort ws filmed and shown in the Doordarshan UGC programme.

Swanirvar has got the award for organising the highest number of voluntary blood donors for any social organisation in West Bengal for four years running.


Arsenic : Mitigation of arsenic in drinking water project guided by All India Institute of Hygiene & Public Health ( AIIHPH) , Govt. of India and funded by Indo Canadian Environment Facility ( ICEF ) is being done in 10 villages .


Income Generation : There have been mostly failures in trying to set up new activities. Leather hand gloves; upgrading local terracotta and mat products ; setting up bee keepers; honey processing and bottling unit have all been failures for various reasons . The only one functioning is the  spices unit . But even here the income generated and numbers benefitting is miniscule.


Savings & Credit / Microfinance : From 1990 to 1997 a savings and credit was operated with individual members. It was useful to some villagers but had many problems and was rather limited in scope. From 1997 with NLCB funds of England a microfinance programme with Grameen model was set up. This has now been converted to SHG model with backup provided by CARE from end 2000. Currently this programme is spread to 30 villages with about 400 women's groups and total membership of 6000 ( Feb, 2002).


Panchayat Planning  : Swanirvar took a conscious decision to try and help some local gram panchayats to become model local governments. From 1999 some progress has been made with one GP. The state govt. is aware of Swanirvar's work as very few NGOs have put this in their agenda ( most places the relation is antagonistic ). Very soon this may become a big programme for Swanirvar as out of 40 blocks selected by the state to experiment with panchayat planning with the people , Swanirvar's block Baduria is one of them.


Flood : October 2000 was the first time when villagers faced devastating floods. Swanirvar had to get involved in relief and some rehailitation work in which it was supported with money and materials by CARE, OXFAM, Save The Children Fund, and DRCSC.  


Networking : Swanirvar is part of various networks

* Agriculture through DRCSC with organisations from 10 districts of West Bengal called SAN - Sustainable Agriculture Network

* Education through CRY with organisations form 6 districts - a network called WBEN ( West Bengal Education Netwrok ) and also the national network called NAFRE ( National Alliance for Fundamental Right to education ).

* Microhinance thorugh CARE  with organisations all over the state called WBMPF - West Bengal Micrfinance Promotional Forum.

* A district level  network called North 24 Parganaes NGOs FOrum.



13. Describe location, current conditions (number of schools, population):

State : West Bengal

District : North 24 Parganas east of Kolkata bordering Bangladesh

Project Location : 60 km east of Kolkata in 43 villages spread in the four blocks of

 Baduria (34 villages in 8 Gram Panchayats and 1 municipality) ,

Deganga ( 7 villages in 2 Gram Panchayats )

Swarupnagar ( 1 village in 1 GP )

Basirhat I  ( 1 village in 1 GP )  

Demography : One of the highest density of rural population in India . Almost equal Hindu and Muslim population

Govt. Infrastructure : of health and education is fairly good compared to many other districts of the state. There are functional health centres, primary and high schools although the total facilities are quite inadequate relative to demand.

Agro-Climatic condition : Fertle soil, high rainfall, plenty of ground water, very intensive chemical agriculture throughout the year.

Swanirvar Primary Schools : 3 schools in the villages Magurkhali, Fatullapur ( in Baduria block)  and Chandalati (in Deganga block) with 460 children (Classes I to IV) , 12 teachers and one supervisor.





14. What is the goal of the WAH project (describe background of the children, what changes this project aims to bring about in the current conditions):

The main goal of this project:




Background :

 So far Swanirvar has tried to teach the govt. text books in an " interesting way" . This has involved use of work cards; lots of group work ; action learning like role plays, debates, experiments, chart making, cross checking by children , framing questions etc. But Swanirvar is convinced by comparing with Eklavya, Digantar and other books in India and abroad that the syllabus as well as text books of the West Bengal govt. are some of the most outdated and directly contradict the oft stated aimsof education.( This is putting things very mildly). But most teachers who have not seen anything different have no sense of what is wrong or why or how different things can be.

Swanirvar has lately done some experiments with using the village social life and physical environment for education. It has just started designing exams which evaluate skills and concepts and not just the memory. Its report cards are yet to reflect the wider aims ( see also Item 27 ). Swanirvar has a lot of work to do. But it does not have to start from scratch as the pioneering work of Eklavya, Digantar and members of South India Education Network will come in handy to be used creatively.



Two other related goals which Swanirvar's education project will try to achieve and for which funding will be sought elsewhere :







Till 1997 , no NGO in West Bengal was allowed to intervene in the "formal" govt. school system. But in the last few years the situation has changed. NGOs have intervened although very few so far. But these have been restricted to showing the teachers how to make the govt. syllabus and text books " interesting ". Even this has been possible because of UNICEF intervention through " joyful learning" and DPEP's quality inmprovement interventions. One has to evolve the right strategy of doing more meaningful interventions without provoking disabling opposition.( See Item 28 , point 2 ) The latest govt. policy document appears to be in favour of such NGO interventions , but they just might be empty words.


In the last one year,  Village Education Committees ( VECs) have been formed all over the state by a govt. order. Many nominated members do not even know that they are members; villagers do not know the existence of this committee; no one knows what there role and jurisdiction is ; the headmasters dominate the rare meetings which are held ; there is no mechanism through which  gram panchayats can play a meaningful role. So these VECs are already non starters. Here Swanirvar's experience and efforts will have to be used to create models. But it is going to be quite hard work which would require some kind of " official " approval.   





15. Beneficiaries of the project (how many children, number of males/females, age and other demographics, and other relevant details):

The breakup of children in 2000-2001 was as follows:

Class I    : 117

Class II   : 111

Class III  : 126

Class IV  : 120


Total        : 474           Boys : 232       Girls : 242


So every year about 120 children are going to pass out of Swanirvar's primary schools and go to govt. high schools.




16. Details of the funding requirements:
a. Amount of money required:


Rs.572,800 for year April,2002 -  March,2003.

( $ 12,730  at  Rs.45/$ )


b. Duration for which funds are requested:

Funds are being requested for 3 years. The exact figures for 2nd and 3rd year will be decided towards the beginning of each financial year.

But the total is going to be about the same ie.  ~ $ 12,700 / year .




17. Detailed breakup of the costs involved along with details of money received from other sources, if any:


* The schools were started with CRY funding.

* The infrastructure costs were paid by the Trust --- Friends of Swanirvar ( FoS ), England

* From 1995 to Jan,2001 funds for running the schools came from Ministry of Human Resources Development of Govt. of India via Vikramshila Education Resource Society of Kolkata under a special scheme called " Innovative Elementary Education  -- NFE 2000 ". This particular scheme has been stopped now.

* During these years the govt. funds were inadequate and the balance was funded by ASHA LA ( and ASHA MIT )

* Funds from Feb,2001 to March, 2002 came from FoS , England.The key person of this Trust has recently expired (in Dec, 2001) and the Trust  is possibly going to dissolve.




18. How long will the benefit last? Please give an approximate US $/child/year estimate in the project:

The running expenditure of the 3 schools     =  Rs.527,800.

Total number of students                            =  480

Cost /child/year                                        =  Rs.1100     ~  $ 25





19. Other sources of funding (confirmed and anticipated), if any:


* In the last couple of weeks Swanirvar is exploring various possibilities of funding. But no other agency has asked for specific application yet ( as of 5th March 2002 ).


* There are  some leftover funds from Friends of Swanirvar for intervention in the govt. schools ;  mobilising the community ; and publishing new texts.


* Once the funds for the 3 experimental primary schools is assured, it might be easier to get funds for the other two major components from different funding sources.


20. Proposed means of continuing the project after current funding:


Since a full fledged rural primary school for poor children can never be financially self sustaining , funds would always be required from govt. or non-govt. sources.

With the rapidly changing scenario for social sector funding by govt.; the new bill for fundamental right to education; various kinds of bilateral funding ; untied funds coming to the gram panchayats etc.,  it is very difficult to predict the various sources of funds and arrangements/partnerships which would be available three years from now.




21.To what purpose would the requested funds be directed? An itemized split up of costs: blackboards, chalks, tables, chairs, toilets, buildings, teachers' salaries etc.



YEAR :  2002 - 2003







1. TL  MATERIALS  ( Books, khata etc )  Rs.100 X 480                             48,000


2. TEACHER'S MATERIALS     Rs.2000/school X 3                                    6,000


3. EVALUATION COSTS      Rs.7000/school  X 3                                     21,000


4. FIELD TRIPS          Rs.2000 X 3                                                              6,000


5. SAHITYA SABHAS     Rs.2000 X 3                                                         6,000


6. UNIFORMS    Rs.200 X 480                                                                  96,000


7. ANNUAL SPORTS                                                                                 24,000


8. TEACHER'S SALARY     Rs.1600 X 12 X 12                                      2,30,400


9. SUPERVISOR  SALARY   Rs.2600 X 12                                               31,200


10. MUSIC TEACHER SALARY     Rs.1600 X 12                                     19,200



      CROSS VISITS   Rs.750 X 20                                                              15,000


12.  TRAININGS   20 P X Rs.50 X 10 days = 10,000

                                 Resource Person Fess  Rs.500 X 10 days = 5,000       15,000



       Rs.500 X 60 days                                                                                  30,000


14. OVERHEADS  accts.,stationery, photocopy, postage, telephone,

       electricity, travel, coordination etc.                                                          25,000                                                        


TOTAL                                                                                                    5,72,800


( Regular school expenditure = Total - Items 12,13 = Rs.5,27,800 ) 




22. Duration of the Project:


Three years . April 2002 - March 2005.




23. Itemized description of the various phases in the project with their associated timelines.


The various activities related to the main aim of doing experiments in Swanirvar's 3 primary schools( see Item 14 A ) for the year 2002-2003 will be as follows :


# Regular classes for about 240 days in a year - April to March.

# One set uniform made for each student and distributed in the first quarter

# Between Dec- March , annual sports and sahitya sabha will be organised

# Children will be  taken out for at least one organised field visit

# Two formal exams will be  held  at mid and end term

# Children's library will be gradually built up in each school

# 12 monthly review, planning, aids making meetings of teachers will be held

# 2 exchange-evaluation  visits by teachers to each school.

# Two workshops for the teachers by external resource persons - one in summer and second during puja break.

# Quareterly guardians meeting organised in each school

# New books published on History and EVS with the help of resource persons.

# External Resource persons giving inputs by class observations ; conducting smaller workshops on class management ; demonstrating how to  use the new text books ; helping with new activites/projects within the school and in the village ; helping with new exams and report card.

# District and state authourities to be brought to see the schools.

# Documenting the whole process. 



For the intervention in the govt. system  ( see Item 14 B ) some of the steps in the three years 2002 - 2005 will be as follows:


* List enthusiastic, competent, innovative teachers, serving and retired , as prospective "trainers" and "writers".Possibly do a "felicitation" workshop as done by Prof. Anil Gupta of IIM, Ahmedabad.

* Workshop of listed teachers to document innovations and do a subjectwise teacher listing

* A general conference of all teachers of the circle

* All this to be done in collaboration of  District Primary School Council, DI,  ADI, AI,  S.I, ZP, PS, GPs, Banipur Teachers Training College, Teacher's Associations, DM, BDO etc.

* Prepare basic information sheets regarding official edu policies and programmes to be given to all teachers and other actors.

* Facilitate the publication of " Status Report " on the primary education of the circle and circulate as widely as possible to all actors.

* Form several subcommittees from among the teachers.

* Organise a "sharing" workshop for TL methods and materials for Classes I and II between govt.  and Swanirvar teachers.

* Hold a series of workshops with the "resource" teachers with the help of ERC leading to locally relevant curriculum design.

* Exposure trips for the "resource" teachers.

* Subsequent workshops to write "books" - (alternate, supplementary)

* Training of user teachers on how to use the new materials through local trainers.

* Start a teacher's magazine.



For the third aim of Local "ownership" and management of schools ( Item 14 C ) the three main objectives to be fulfilled will be ( the activities are not spelt out here ) :


# To form effective committees ensuring systematic participation of community at school, ward/booth, and gram panchayat level.

# To establish proper communication-discussions systems between all levels - community - gram panchayat  - circle - block ensuring cooperative action

# To sensitise and build the capacity of community, gram panchayats , teachers, officials, committees to think, plan, implement ideas on improvement of content and methods of education.




24. Number of project personnel involved in the implementation of the project and their duties:


1. 12 class teachers : Duties include teaching and related TL activities; attending review and  planning meetings, workshops etc; making home visits and organising parents meetings ; involved with all efforts to influence the govt. primary school system.


2. One music teacher : to conduct music classes in all the 3 schools by turn ; prepare the children for cultural performances.


3. One supervisor : Duty includes visiting all the schools regularly to give academic support to the teachers ; conduct reviews, workshops ; liason with the govt. primary schools, the SIs, the Gram Panchayats and other Block and District level education and administrative authourities ; prepare internal reports as well as for funding agencies; establish contacts and get inputs from external resource persons and instituions ; manage the expenditure as per budget.


4. Other support staff : 1 Coordinator, 1 Asst.Coordinator  will provide the necessary support to the supervisor as per need. Swanirvar's accountant will be responsible for keeping the accounts and giving regular reports to the supervisor. 



25. References of the lead people supervising the project, if any:


i) Sujit Sinha , age 46 , is overall Coordinator of Swanirvar. He has a Ph.D. in Chemistry from Princeton University and has been a full time rural development activist since 1987. He was also a school tecaher for a year in 1979-80. He has established links with various innovative education programmes and educationists in West Bengal and in other parts of India.


ii) Prosanto Mondol , age 40 , is the current Primary Education supervisor at Swanirvar. He has an M.Com degree. He has been the supervisor of Swanirvar's Pre-primary programme from 1991  and took over his present assignment from its inception in 1995. He has undergone various trainings by Vikramshila. He is currently also the member of the Community Mobilisation State Resource Group of DPEP in West Bengal and has visited other districts for evaluation on behalf of DPEP.




26. Number of people reached by the program so far and how many have completed the literacy program (number of boys and girls):


The number of beneficiaries of the various educaton projects of Swanirvar have been as follows :

Pre-Primary      : Finished 1350  ; Currently enrolled  1150

Primary             : Finished 130    ; Currently enrolled  474

Youth               : Finished 100    ; Currently enrolled  250

Coaching           : Finished 250

Adult Women   : Finished 110


27. Standard Proficiency of the participants at the end of the project:


 The proficiency which people are talking about is "Good Learning Achievements" . Unfortunately what is being measured and reported are only the 3 Rs ie. reading , writing and arithmatic.

On the other hand the written documents are always talking about fulfilment of broader aims such as

* learning to think and solve problems

* becoming sensitive about environmental issues

* becoming aware about economic and social injustices

* learning to work together

* learning to accept and appreciate diversity

* learning to use their imagination and be creative

* learning to question and challenge.

But these are hardly ever incorporated efffectively in the total design -- curriculum, text books, teaching principles , classroom transactions, evaluation systems etc.

This is going to be one of the biggest challenges of this project.



The teachers of Swanirvar and the govt. primary schools are not supposed to be only "implementors".

There will be "teacher leaders" who will  think deeply about the aims of education,  be able to analyse any syllabus and text book , and eventually create new TL materials.

There will be subject specialists who will be able to innovate on teaching methods.

And finally there will be the "user" teachers who will be trained to properly implement the relevant curriculum.




28. Is there any governmental involvement in the project? If yes, how?

The whole idea is to try and bring desirable changes in the govt. school system which caters to 90 % of school going children in rural areas and not just run a few excellent -innovative schools.

The following describe the situation and what we have tried so far.


Written on 12th March, 2001

But intervening in the govt. school system in West Bengal is not going to be easy - although it is much easier today than it was even two years back. So we have been trying to get local teachers and govt. officials interested. Many informal talks with teachers, with politically affiliated teachers associations and school inspectors eventually resulted in a meeting with about 35 govt. primary school teachers on 3rd Feb,2001 - actually we were quite surprised to see so many and discussing many things animatedly. These teachers asked us to organize a bigger meeting for all the teachers of their "circle" which in our area means approximately 60-70 schools and about 200 teachers.We agreed , but it meant a lot of legwork for key Swanirvar staff. Even framing invitation letters ( who will sign ? Both Political associations ? officially ? What will be the exact tone ?) ; printing a short writeup about Swanirvar and its school experiments; deciding the agenda of the meeting,; getting all the other people; translating appropriate govt. circulars for the teachers which they have never seen and printing them etc etc. Finally we had the meeting yesterday ie. 11th March, 2001.( Shanmuga of ASHA-Princeton was present ) Teachers came a little late but finally there were 150 people and the High school hall where this was being held was completely filled and most stayed back till 4:30 ( apparently in such meetings more than half leave after lunch ). There were talks , lots of questions and discussions, some voting on specific issues etc. Overall OK. But we would like to think of ways to make even large meetings like this more participatory. Sometimes the nature of the space itself is a constraint and then one has to have very good moderators. And of course self important political leaders and govt. officials can be quite a pain and so one has to learn to tackle them also.But we think this meeting was quite important if we are to do anything big with the govt. system and our eventual aim is to select 30-40 sharp, motivated "teacher leaders" from a group of 500-600 and work intensively with them.

We held another very interesting meeting with about 25 high school teachers at Swanirvar on 4th Feb. This was also a first for Swanirvar. Here the fact that Sujit Sinha  was from IIT and Princeton helped. We had day long discussions on activity based teaching, alternate curriculum. We showed them stuff from Eklavya ( by far the most important school curriculum experiment in post independent India). We also showed them the stuff we had already done with "Youth Groups". They seemed interested. But the opinion among Swanirvar staff is that high school teachers have such enormous incomes because of private tuition and they have got so used to not doing any serious teaching in schools - that driving them to do something innovative in schools is going to be very tough. But a bunch of them have agreed to undergo a training on Physics teaching with Samar Bagchi , a  well known science teaching expert and former director of Science & Technology Museum This will be in Middle of June. But getting 10-15 really interested teachers to actually do the work after the three day workshop will be the challenge.


Interventions made with Primary Schools till Feb, 2002


* From 1998 : Govt. teachers invited to annual day functions of Swanirvar primary and preprimary schools in various villages to see the TL materials made and being used.


* In 1999 and 2000 , Rakhi was celebrated by Swanirvar school children jointly with the govt. primary schools in certain areas with the active participation of the govt. teachers and panchayat members.


* In Feb, 2001 a whole day meeting held involving 35 teacher leaders of the two Teacher's Associations and Swanirvar to discuss 83rd amendment and possible collaborations between Swanirvar and the govt. schools. The associations asked for a full workshop for all the teachers of Katiahat circle.( Described above )


* In March, 2001 - a full day workshop held with 120 teachers , two local SIs and Swanirvar jointly discuss 83rd amendment and possible role of VECs . ( Described above )


* June-July, 2001 - Swanirvar staff helping SI to form VECs at meetings in several Gram Panchayats.


 * In Aug, 2001, the Independence day and Rakhi was celebrated through a joint programme of a Gram panchayat ( Bajitpur )  and Swanirvar involving all the pri schools of the GP after several joint meetings and planning.


* Sep-Oct , 2001 ; Swanirvar staff holding intense discussions with teachers and VEC members and finally conducting several half day orientations for several VECs.


Some recent developments :


1. In Sep,2001 Sujit Sinha - coordinator of Swanirvar was invited to become member of the DPEP State Resource Group on " gender " . In December the two education supervisors of Swanirvar - Prosanto Mondol and Salauddin Sardar were made members of the DPEP State Resource Group on " community mobilisation". Soon all primary education is going to come under " Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan " which is going to be run by DPEP in West Bengal. This gives Swanirvar some leverage to make its attempts to affect the govt. system " official" without which there will be very little scope for bringing about meaningful changes.


2. In Feb,2002 the possibility of collaboration with UNICEF was being discussed . UNICEF ruled out the possibility of curricular interventions by NGOs in West Bengal. But here is what the latest Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan document says " Efforts to decentralise the whole process of curriculum development to the district level will be made. Based on a broad curricular framework, districts would be free to define their content areas in their local contexts. State and National level institutions will facilitate this process of decentralised arrangements for development of curriculum. SSA deems it necessary that resource groups and responsibility centres from national to subdistrict levels be identified whose major role would be to advise and assist at various levels in curriculum development , pedagogical improvement, teacher education/training and activities related to classroom transaction " ( p.67,68,73 - Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, Framework for Implementation, MHRD, Department of Elementary Education & Literacy ) 


Therefore a major focus will be to try and link with the govt. system starting from Gram Panchayat ( 10 -15 primary schools ) to  Circle  ( 3-5 Gram Panchayats ) to Block ( 3 circles ) to district officers and boards and finally state level structures.




29.Specify nature of requested funds. Is this a one-time contribution or an recurring request?


Swanirvar would like to get funding for three year as stated in Item 16 before.